Tuesday, September 6, 2016

Red Magnetic Dragon/ Red Overtone Skywalker - Lunar Scorpion Moon of Challenge, Day 15

Image result for pend d'oreilles tribe
Mal-lit-tay-lay of the Pend d'Oreille tribe.

The Pend d’Oreilles, also known as the Kalispel, are Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau. Their traditional territory was around Lake Pend Oreille, as well as the Pend Oreille River, and Priest Lake. Today many of them live in Montana and eastern Washington. The primary tribal range from roughly Plains, Montana, westward along the Clark Fork River, Lake Pend Oreille in Idaho, and the Pend Oreille River in eastern Washington and into British Columbia (Canada) was given the name Kaniksu by the Kalispel peoples.

They are generally divided geographically and culturally in the Kullyspelm (Upper Kalispel "Pend d’Oreilles") and the Silkatkmlschi (Lower Kalispel "Pend d’Oreilles"). Upper Kalispel people are now enrolled in the federally recognized Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana. The Lower Kalispel people are now enrolled in the Kalispel Tribe of Indians in Washington.  Some Kalispel or "Pend d'Oreilles" are also enrolled in the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation in Washington.

The name Pend d’Oreille (French: [pɑ̃ dɔʁɛj], "hangs from ears") refers to the large shell earrings that these people wore. The name Kalispel comes from an anglicization of their name Ql̓ispé (IPA: [qəˀlispe], which means "Camas People. Their language, Kalispel-Pend d’Oreille, is a Southern Interior Salish language. It is also known as Flathead-Kalispel.

Pend d'Oreilles people have two reservations: the Flathead Indian Reservation in western Montana and the Kalispel Indian Reservation in Washington. And a small amount of Pen d'Oreilles people live on the Colville Indian Reservation in Washington.

Pend d'Oreilles people are believed to have migrated south from British Columbia. In 1809, the North West Company established a trading post in their territory, Kullyspell House. A Roman Catholic mission was established in 1846. In 1855, the tribe split into the upper and lower divisions, with the upper moving to the Flathead Reservation in Montana. One of the two lower bands joined them in 1887.

These people made their weapons and tools from flint, and many other things were shaped with rocks. For housing, the Pend d’Oreilles lived in tipis in the summer, as well as lodges in the winter time. These houses were all built out of large cattails, which were in abundance where the people lived. These cattails were woven into mats called “tule mats” which were attached to a tree branch frame to form a hut. Today a large community building on the Kalispel reservation retains the name “Tule Hut” in remembrance of this traditional housing.

The tribe traded buffalo hides for horses and other useful goods. They traditionally made clothing from rabbit pelts and deer hides. They embellished hides with dyes, paints, beads, and porcupine quills.

The Upper Pend d’Oreilles of the Flathead Reservation became engaged in a dispute over off-reservation hunting between the tribes and the state of Montana, resulting in the Swan Valley Massacre of 1908.*


Kin 1: Red Magnetic Dragon

I unify in order to nurture
Attracting being
I seal the input of birth
With the magnetic tone of purpose
I am guided by my own power doubled
I am a galactic activation portal
Enter me.

All of reality is a language of signs and symbols.*

*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2016-2017.

The Sacred Tzolk'in 

Sahasrara Chakra (Dali Plasma)

No comments:

Post a Comment