Sunday, April 17, 2016
Blue Lunar Storm/ Blue Rhythmic Monkey - Planetary Dog Moon of Manifestation, Day 14
The Pottery of Tammy Garcia, Santa Clara Pueblo, New Mexico.
Santa Clara Pueblo (Tewa: Kha'po) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 980 at the 2000 census, although, approximately 3,800 reside on the reservation. Santa Clara Pueblo was established about 1550.
The pueblo is a member of the Eight Northern Pueblos, and the people are from the Tewa ethnic group of Native Americans who speak the Tewa language. The pueblo is on the Rio Grande, between Ohkay Owingeh (formerly San Juan Pueblo) to the north and San Ildefonso Pueblo to the south. Santa Clara Pueblo is famous for producing hand-crafted pottery, specifically blackware and redware with deep engravings. The pueblo is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Pueblo peoples lived in the area for millennia before they met Juan de Oñate and his exploration party on July 11, 1598. Pueblo archaeology shows that Ancient Pueblo Peoples lived in the general region as far back as 1200BC.
First visited in 1541, a segment of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado's expeditionary force met with the residents of the nearby Caypa pueblo. After annexation of the region into the Spanish Kingdom, and as part of the 1601 expansion of Oñate's colonial capital, a chapel was built there by 1617. Fray Alonso de Benavides established a mission in 1628.
History shows that the mission was abandoned on the lead up to the revolt. The pueblo would join forces with others and would fight against the Spanish royal government in 1680 in the Great Pueblo Revolt. The original and unoccupied chapel was destroyed. Two other chapel buildings would be constructed there. The current church replaced the former in 1918. In 1782, a small pox outbreak decimated the population. The eighth section of the Act of July 22, 1854 mandated a census of the newly acquired possessions of the US government. In review of the land's title, the pueblo presented a Spanish Royal decree dated October 15, 1713 that the title to land and various pueblos could be expected. Though lost, the decree on the title papers, if ever they existed, assured protection of the pueblos' right to protection of their homelands from encroachment. The result of the title research led the pueblo community to be of the first recognized by Congress.
Santa Clara Pueblo, "Kha-'Po Owingeh" (Singing Water Village) is a Tewa tribe located twenty-five miles north of Santa Fe, New Mexico on the west bank of the Rio Grande. Tewa oral history tells of an emergence of the Tewa to the north, in the Mesa Verde-Chaco area. The Tewa moved south over time and occupied large regions of present-day New Mexico in many villages. Each of the villages remained independent of each other, operating as separate tribes with similar cultures. Santa Clara people trace their ancestors to many prehistoric villages and cliff dwellings west of the current village. The Puye Cliff Dwellings is one of many of these sites and was occupied from around 700 A.D. to the late 1300s. The current Pueblo of Santa Clara was established sometime between the late 1300s and early 1400s.
Spanish explorers came in contact with the village for the first time during the Coronado Expedition (1540-1542). The Spanish did not return to stay until 1598, when Don Juan de Onate invaded the Pueblo region and established a permanent settlement near the present-day Tewa village of Ohkay-Owingeh. In 1610, that settlement was abandoned and the Spanish headquarters was moved near Tano villages at present-day Santa Fe. Under increasing religious persecution, the Pueblo people joined together and revolted against Spanish rule on August 10, 1680. The Spanish were thrown out of New Mexico and did not return until 1692, when Diego de Vargas re-conquered the Pueblos. Santa Clara Pueblo DrawingHowever, residents from Santa Clara and other Tewa Pueblos refused to surrender and took refuge on Black Mesa near present-day San Ildefonso Pueblo. After a nine month siege and multiple assaults, de Vargas was finally able to defeat the Tewas in 1694. After the Reconquest, the Spanish no longer persecuted Pueblo religion to the same extent as before. Pueblo lands were protected as land grants under Spanish and Mexican rule. Their lands were further preserved under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), when New Mexico came under United States rule.
Currently Santa Clara Pueblo has approximately 1,000 residents. The Puye Cliff Dwellings and the Santa Clara Canyon are currently closed to the public due to the devastating Cerro Grande Fire of 2000. The tribe operates a casino, golf course, and a travel center. Annual feast days with traditional dances are open to the public on Santa Clara Feast Day (August 12), and San Antonio Day (June 13).
www.wikipedia.com/ www.roxanne swentzell.com
Kin 119: Blue Lunar Storm
I polarize in order to catalyze
I seal the matrix of self-generation
With the lunar tone of challenge
I am guided by the power of magic.
Appreciation is a supreme magnet: the greater your appreciation, the more is given to you.*
*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2015-2016,
The Sacred Tzolk'in
Anahata Chakra (Silio Plasma)